The unheard-of symptom – Bendopnea

Characterization of a Novel Symptom of Advanced Heart Failure: Bendopnea JCHF. 2014;2(1):24-31. doi:10.1016/j.jchf.2013.07.009 Objectives:  This study sought to examine the frequency and hemodynamic correlates of shortness of breath when bending forward, a symptom that has been named by the newly coined term “bendopnea.” Background:  Many heart failure patients describe bendopnea such as when putting on their shoes. This […]

Fetal echocardiography

Congenital anomalies are the leading cause of infant death and congenital heart diseases accounts for 30 to 50 percent of these deaths. As the major cause of the largest single category of mortality, the identification and management of fetal cardiac abnormalities is of paramount importance. Population screening studies have shown that congenital heart disease occurs […]

Approach to Dyspnea

History taking in Cardiology Contd…. Continuing our discussion on history taking in cardiology today we will form an approach to dyspnoea. What is Dyspnea? A consensus statement of the American Thoracic Society defined dyspnea in the following way1: “Dyspnea is a term used to characterize a subjective experience of breathing discomfort that is comprised of […]

History taking in Cardiology

History taking in any branch of medicine is the single most important exercise. Most clinical books open with the idea of history taking. In the initial part of medical training students sometimes fail to understand the importance of history taking. But as we go higher in our training we understand the importance of history gradually. […]

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